Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) or Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) as the names suggests, transfer through sexual contact. Pathogens causing such diseases can transmit through contaminated blood, semen, vaginal fluid or any kind of body fluids. These can also get transmitted non-sexually as well during pregnancy, child-birth, blood transfusions, and even shared needles.
There are many types of sexual diseases- minor or major. Often there are diseases which have negligible symptoms and can be difficult to detect. But if you come in contact with an infected person, you are likely to get affected too. Does that mean you cannot have sex? If you are attracted to someone, here is everything to know about STD and stay safe.
Using protection every time
Most STD can be kept at bay when you are using protection every time during sex. If you are wondering how to avoid STD, this is the most effective and simple way. The condom is designed to prevent skin contact and exchange of sexual fluids. As a result, any kind of bacteria and virus that causes STD can also be prevented from transmitting.
Avoid oral sex
It can be a hard thing to do but if you have apprehensions about STD, it is wise to avoid oral sex at all cost. Come to a compromise like having oral sex over a condom if it is absolutely difficult to abstain. STD can get transmitted even from kiss or body fluids transmitted during oral sex.
Get basic STD tests done
When you start dating someone new and planning to take things to the new level, getting medical tests done to detect STD is a wise move. It may not be a welcome suggestion for many but it is the safest way to know the possibilities. Also, what is the point of being with someone who have reservations about getting tested knowing the risk?
Maintain optimum body hygiene
Certain STD or STI like genital warts are completely harmless but extremely common. They also take years to get eradicated through medication alone. But if you stay hygienic, the chances of infection are reduced manifolds. Moreover, if you get infected, maintaining proper genital hygiene will help you to recover quickly from the issue.
The last and most unpleasant suggestion would be abstinence. If you or your partner get tested positive with any STD, abstinence is the best way to accelerate the recovery process. The more you have sex, the more fluid and friction get generated which in turn spread the infection further.
Recognizing symptoms and signs
The symptoms and signs of STD are varied depending on the disease you contracted. However, there are some generic symptoms which can also imply STD contraction.
- Pain or discomfort during intercourse or urination.
- Appearance of lumps or spots on or around the genitals.
- Inflammation of testicles or the vulva.
- Unusual and frequent discharge and bleeding in the genitals.
- Irregular periods or change in the colour of periods’ blood.
- Itchiness, rashes and sores in and around the vagina or penis.
- Nausea, fever, memory loss, weight loss are few other symptoms which also indicate STD contraction.
It is wise to explore everything to know about STD before you indulge in a physical relationship. It will help you be more aware and able to stay safe during sex. STD and STI are not uncommon and should not be hushed up to lead a healthier sexual life. If you are comfortable enough to discuss these topics with your partner, rest assured that your sexual life will be very rewarding and fulfilling.